Urinary Calculi and the Scope - Webinar


Cystic and urethral calculi are usually an indication for removal. Traditional surgery has historically been done with relatively low rates of complications, but using a scope markedly improves imaging, reduces trauma, and can improve stone removal.  Techniques will be demonstrated with cases for removal using a small cystoscope and flexible urethroscope. I suggest that capability for cystoscopy should be considered a standard of practice for calculi removal.


Clarence A. Rawlings, DVM, PhD, DACVS

Dr. Clarence Rawlings is a general surgeon who has been active in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for over 20 years, but spent his first 30 years as a traditional general surgeon, promoting the benefits of ‘stem to stern’ laparotomies. Following retirement from the University of Georgia, he continues to practice by providing endoscopic training in veterinary hospitals throughout the US. He is a past president of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons. Rawlings co-edited Small Animal Endoscopy, 3rd edition. He is passionate about helping more veterinarians integrate endoscopy into their practices.

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